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Landasan Epistemologi Genetika dalam Buku David Hull ‘Philosophy of Biological Science’

Iva Ariani ; Iva Ariani ; Ahmad Ginanjar Firman ; Ahmad Ginanjar Firman

Abstract:This research about How Philosophy of science explain about genetic in David Hull’s book “Philosophy of biological science” happened because David Hull as a pioneer in Philosophy of Biology didn’t specifically discuss about genetic as genetic in his book (that became one of pioneering work in Philosophy of biology study) but all chapter in his books cannot be separated from genetic. The role of genetic is very important in this book that the researcher wants to reveal. Especially the central question of philosophy of science is concern what qualifies as science (in this case is biology) is complex and many debate happen between experts in this field. The other central question about philosophy of particular science (biology in this case) is whether one scientific discipline can be reduced to the terms of another. The purpose of this research is to uncover those question, specifically are: to find the meaning of genetic in David Hull book’s Philosophy of biological science, to explain the epistemology in view of philosophy of science, and to analyze how epistemological basis of genetic in David Hull’s book. This research is philosophical study with qualitative approach. The material object is genetic in David Hull’s book “Philosophy of biological science” and the formal object on this The results of this study are to reveal the foundation of genetic epistemology in David Hull's book "Philosophy of biological science". Genetic in David Hull’s book had a very important role because it underlies biology. As biological law had described how genetic can be said as the only law in biology, and the only thing that makes biology a science. Without genetics, biology can be questioned scientifically and only becomes a natural fact. Based on this research on David Hull’s book “Philosophy of Biological Science”, Biology can be reduced to genetic. That is why the essence of Biology is genetic

Intisari:Penelitian tentang Bagaimana Filsafat ilmu menjelaskan tentang genetika dalam buku David Hull "Filsafat ilmu biologi" terjadi karena David Hull sebagai pelopor dalam Filsafat Biologi tidak secara khusus membahas tentang genetik sebagai genetik dalam bukunya (yang menjadi salah satu karya perintis dalam studi filsafat biologi) tetapi semua bab dalam bukunya tidak dapat dipisahkan dari genetik. Peran genetik sangat penting dalam buku ini yang ingin diungkapkan oleh peneliti. Terutama pertanyaan sentral filsafat ilmu adalah menyangkut apa yang memenuhi syarat sebagai ilmu pengetahuan (biologi) sangat kompleks dan banyak perdebatan terjadi antara para ahli di bidang ini. Pertanyaan sentral lainnya tentang filsafat ilmu tertentu (biologi dalam kasus ini) adalah apakah satu disiplin ilmu dapat direduksi menjadi istilah yang lain. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menjawab pertanyaanpertanyaan tersebut, yaitu: untuk menemukan makna genetika dalam buku David Hull's Philosophy of biologi science, untuk menjelaskan makna epistemologi dalam filsafat ilmu, dan untuk menganalisis bagaimana landasan epistemologi genetika dalam buku David Hull. Penelitian ini adalah studi filosofis dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Objek material adalah genetika dalam buku David Hull "Philosophy of biologi science" dan objek formal pada penelitian ini epistemologi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskripsi, interpretasi, dan heuristik. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah mengungkap landasan epistemologi genetika dalam buku David Hull "Philosophy of biological science". Genetika dalam buku David Hull memiliki peran yang sangat penting karena mendasari biologi. Sebagaimana hukum biologis telah menjelaskan bagaimana genetika dapat dikatakan sebagai satu-satunya hukum dalam biologi dan dapat dikatakan sebagai satu-satunya yang menjadikan biologi sebagai ilmu pengetahuan. Tanpa genetika, biologi dapat dipertanyakan keilmuannya dan hanya menjadi fakta alami. Berdasarkan penelitian ini pada buku David Hull "Philosophy of Biological Science", Biologi dapat direduksi menjadi genetika. Itulah sebabnya esensi Biologi adalah genetika===This research about How Philosophy of science explain about genetic in David Hull’s book “Philosophy of biological science” happened because David Hull as a pioneer in Philosophy of Biology didn’t specifically discuss about genetic as genetic in his book (that became one of pioneering work in Philosophy of biology study) but all chapter in his books cannot be separated from genetic. The role of genetic is very important in this book that the researcher wants to reveal. Especially the central question of philosophy of science is concern what qualifies as science (in this case is biology) is complex and many debate happen between experts in this field. The other central question about philosophy of particular science (biology in this case) is whether one scientific discipline can be reduced to the terms of another. The purpose of this research is to uncover those question, specifically are: to find the meaning of genetic in David Hull book’s Philosophy of biological science, to explain the epistemology in view of philosophy of science, and to analyze how epistemological basis of genetic in David Hull’s book. This research is philosophical study with qualitative approach. The material object is genetic in David Hull’s book “Philosophy of biological science” and the formal object on this The results of this study are to reveal the foundation of genetic epistemology in David Hull's book "Philosophy of biological science". Genetic in David Hull’s book had a very important role because it underlies biology. As biological law had described how genetic can be said as the only law in biology, and the only thing that makes biology a science. Without genetics, biology can be questioned scientifically and only becomes a natural fact. Based on this research on David Hull’s book “Philosophy of Biological Science”, Biology can be reduced to genetic. That is why the essence of Biology is genetic

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Penerbit Yogyakarta: fakultas filsafat UGM, 2019
Tahun 2019
Deskripsi XII, 93 Hlm; 30 cm
No Klasifikasi 3570/s
Bahasa Indonesian
Jenis Penelitian Skripsi
Subyek Biologi - Filsafat
Kata Kunci genetika, epistemologi, David Lee Hull, esensi, genetic, epistemology, essence,
Jumlah Eksemplar 1
Barcode No. Inventaris Lokasi
  193038FIL   193038FIL   Perpustakaan Fakultas Filsafat